According to UCITA, the bidder, usually the consumer, must express his participation to be bound by the contractual conditions of the supplier. A party agrees to participate in the conduct that the seller clearly indicates, which leads to the acceptance of the proposed contract and the establishment of a contract. To be binding, it is necessary to give the tenderer the opportunity to check both the terms of the contract and to refuse or accept the tender. In addition, the mere retention of data is not sufficient to conclude an online contract without further action. The first instance decided that the licence was not applicable, as the shrink film licence was in the box and was not printed on the outside. It also argued that the contract was concluded when the buyer purchased the goods and therefore could not contain “hidden conditions” that would only be disclosed at the time of the subsequent opening of the box. The Court of Appeal rejected this analysis and found that no contract had been concluded until the defendant opened the box and used the product. The Tribunal relied on Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code (“UCC”) and the principles of the common law contract to establish that ProCD had limited the manner of accepting its offer to the user`s consent to the conditions of licence. According to uzK Â§ 2-204, a “contract for the sale of goods may be concluded in any manner sufficient to demonstrate an agreement, including conduct by both parties which acknowledges the existence of a contract”. Similarly, section 19 of the reformulation (second) of the contracts provides that “the expression of the commitment may be made in whole or in part by written words or by other acts or by inaction”.
The Tribunal decided that these provisions supported the conclusion that a binding contract had been entered into when the defendant used the software and stated that it was bound by ProCD`s license terms. In addition, under Ukrainian legislation, agreements for the transfer of real estate (e.g.B. contract of sale, exchange or gift) are subject to the obligation of notarial deed. The acquired real estate title is subject to mandatory state registration in the state register of property rights of real estate, since Ukrainian legislation creates real estate property on the day of its public registration. Some steps can be taken to increase the likelihood that click-wrap agreements will be applied internationally. Internet companies should try to translate the terms of the Click-Wrap agreement into the national language and comply with current local legislation. In addition, in Spain, all packaging must be in Spanish. In France, documentation and online help must be in French. In addition, there will be differences from country to country with regard to warranty requirements for consumers, which should be reflected in click-wrap agreements established in those countries. Local lawyers should be mandated and consulted to ensure that the necessary changes are made so that click-wrap agreements can be applied to individuals and businesses in these countries. If the duration of the lease is greater than or equal to 3 years, the rental contract is subject to the authentic deed and the rental title of the mandatory registration of the State. The registration of license agreements relating to an object of industrial property rights may be required by a specific regulation.
For example, under the Patent Act, from the date of registration by the Industrial Property Office, a license agreement has legal effects against third parties (but even if the registration has not been made, the license agreement between the licensor and the licensee should still have legal effect). Within the U.S. legal community, these agreements are generally considered valid and enforceable contracts. The analysis of click-wrap agreements follows that of so-called “Shrink Wrap” agreements, which assume that users of software products accept the license terms by opening or using software. . . .